Eye diseases may or may not have early signs. The best way to monitor vision is through regular professional eye examinations. If you observe a vision change – or have injured your eye in any way – contact an eye care professional without any delay.

Common Eye Diseases and Disorders

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the result of physical disturbance of the retina centre also known as the macula.

Lazy Eye

Commonly popular as lazy eye, amblyopia is a poor vision that results when the eye is not subjected to adequate use in early childhood.

Low Vision

Whenever contact lenses or ordinary glasses do not result in clear vision, you may have low vision.

Ocular Hypertension

Ocular hypertension is a condition in which the pressure inside the eye is above the normal range.

Bulging Eyes

Bulging eyes, or proptosis, occurs when one or both eyes protrude from the eye sockets owing to space-taking lesion-like muscle swelling behind the eye.


Cataracts are a degenerative form of eye disease. In this condition, the vision mists or the lens becomes opaque.

Eyelid Twitching

Sometimes the eyelid just twitches.

Colour Blindness

Colour blindness is not blindness in the true sense but a colour-vision deficiency—people affected by it do not agree with most other people about colour matching.

Eye Floaters and Eye Flashes

Floaters are clouds or specks that move across the field of vision, particularly when looking at a plain bright background, like a cloudless blue sky or blank wall.


Glaucoma happens when a fluid build-up in the eye creates pressure, tremendously damaging the optic nerve.

Mucormycosis complications

This potentially life-threatening fungal infection is one of the more serious post-Covid complications, spreads to the eye and can also cause partial blindness or vision loss when left untreated.

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