Hip Replacement Surgery, also called Total Hip Arthroplasty, is a procedure in which the damaged sections of the hip joint are removed and replaced with parts usually constructed with metal, ceramic and very hard plastic, and this artificial joint is called prosthesis. The prosthesis improves function and helps reduce pain. Hip Replacement Surgery is done only when the pain interferes with daily activities and the more conservative treatment procedures haven’t helped or are no longer effective. Arthritis is the most common reason that requires this treatment procedure.
Some conditions which lead to the damage of the Hip joints requiring replacement Surgery are:
Hip replacement surgery can be done traditionally or by minimally-invasive technique. The difference between the two techniques is the size of the incision where the traditional technique requires a cut of 8 to 10 inch along the side of the hip whereas in the invasive approach, doctors make one to two cuts from 2 to 5 inches long. The minimally invasive technique is more prevalent today as there is less blood loss, less pain, short hospital stay, small scar, and quick recovery.
However, it is very important for the surgeon following this technique to be highly skilled or the results may be worse than with standard hip replacement surgery.
Some common complications post a Hip Replacement Surgery are:
After the Surgery, a physical therapist may help you with some exercises that you can do in the hospital and at home for a speedy recovery.
Activity and exercise must be a regular part of your daily regime to regain the use of your joint and muscles. Your physical therapists will recommend exercise to help you build your strength and learn how to use a walker, a cane or crutch. Gradually you will be able to put more weight on your leg and be able to walk without assistance.