Sports Injury

Sports Injury/ Shoulder

Extensive Sport Injury Surgery & Rehabilitation at Medica

This is an area of health and special services that apply medical and scientific knowledge to prevent, recognise, manage, and rehabilitate injuries related to sport, exercise, or recreational activity. Common sports injuries include Concussion, Muscle Cramps, Ankle Sprain and Shin Splints. Sports injuries impact all body parts. It can be muscles, joints, bones, connective tissues like ligaments and tendons. Knees and ankles are particularly injury-prone. Children and younger v nadults are more prone to sports injuries. Statistics reveal more than 3 million annual injuries from organized sports.

Medica has a team of highly skilled orthopedics and orthopedic surgeons who are trained in their respective fields of expertise. Our dedicated team of doctors endeavor to provide you with world-class treatment.

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Anatomy of the Shoulder

The humerus (upper arm bone) forms a ball-and-socket joint with one end of the scapula (shoulder blade bone), allowing the shoulder to move the arm through a wide range of motion.

The shallow cup of the shoulder socket is formed by a portion of the shoulder blade called the glenoid. The acromion is a component of the scapula that forms the roof of the shoulder’s ball and socket joint. The clavicle (collarbone) is another shoulder bone that attaches to the scapula at the acromion.

The capsular ligaments connect the scapula (socket) and humerus (ball) to one other. Hyaline cartilage is a smooth firm cartilage that cushions the end of the ball and the surface of the socket. A soft rubbery cartilage called a labrum sits on the outer edge or rim of the “socket” or glenoid bone, providing additional strength and stability.

What are the Causes of Sports Injuries?

Sports injuries can be due to several factors. Some of these include:

  • An accident like a heavy blow or a fall
  • Not warming up before sports or exercise
  • Poor technique or inappropriate equipment
  • Pushing too hard
  • Contact sports like football or rugby
  • Being inactive for a long time

Various types of Sports Injury are:

  • Sprains
  • Strains
  • Swollen Muscles
  • Achilles Tendon
  • Overuse Injury
  • Bone Fractures
  • Bone Dislocation
  • Ligament Injuries
  • Traumatic Brain
  • Tennis Elbow

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What are the Most Common Types of Shoulder Specific Sports Injury?

  • Dislocations
  • Acromioclavicular Joint (ACJ) Injuries or AC Separation
  • Rotator Cuff Injuries
  • Shoulder Labral Tears
  • Thrower’s Shoulder
  • Swimmer’s Shoulder
  • Bicep Injuries
  • Bursitis and fractures are all common shoulder injuries in sports

Dislocations and ACJ injuries are more common in contact sports like rugby and wrestling, but rotator cuff tears and biceps lesions are more common in activities like weightlifting. Sports that involve crashes and falls from great heights are known to cause shoulder fractures (of which there are many). Simple muscle strains can seem quite similar to more serious injuries, making it difficult to accurately diagnose the severity of a shoulder injury and the structures injured following sports injuries. As a result, early evaluation by a qualified Shoulder Therapist or Surgeon is critical for proper care. X-rays and a particular scan may be required.

Treatment

The most common treatment method for sports injury is the PRICE technique. There are five factors in this technique. PRICE (protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation) steps are:

  • Protection: Protecting the affected location from additional injury. For instance, using protection or support
  • Rest: Reduce daily physical work and avoid exercise. Use crutches or walking sticks to avoid putting weight on the knee or ankle. In case of a shoulder injury, a sling may help.
  • Ice: Every 15-29 minutes apply ice pack in the affected location. The step should be repeated for 2-3 hours. If ice is not available, use any bag of frozen food. However, the ice pack should not be placed directly on the skin. Wrap the pack with a cloth or towel.
  • Compression: Compression bandages for reducing swelling during daytime.
  • Elevation: The injured part must be kept higher from the heart’s position. This helps in reducing swelling.

PRICE treatment is most appropriate for mild and minor sports injuries and it should be followed within two days after injury. The method helps reduce pain and swelling. It also prevents additional bruising and pain in the early days post sports injury.

Other treatment options for Sports Injury are:

  • Medications for sports injury can include both prescription and over-the-counter. These medications relieve swelling and pain
  • Emergency attention is needed for symptoms like dizziness, fever, or difficulty breathing.
  • Physiotherapy is required to recover from a long-term sports injury.
  • Surgery for sports injury is rare and needed in cases like broken bones, shoulder dislocation, or skin rupture.

Medica Superspecialty Hospital, Kolkata is one of Eastern Asia’s finest centers for sport injury treatment. Our facility is known for its use of radio-frequency ablation systems and pressure-control systems in Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy.

The use of Laser in Arthroscopy also makes Medica among the top minimally-invasive centers in the country for sport surgery. Our orthopedics unit also comprises the latest Computer Navigation System in the world to be set up to enable all the minimally-invasive procedures. We are one of the most advanced joint replacement center In the country.

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Sports Therapy & Rehabilitation at Medica

Sports therapy and rehabilitation services are provided at Medica’s Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Center under the guidance of an internationally trained and experienced sports therapist. Our array of services includes examining and diagnosing injuries and their causes and formulating an effective rehabilitation plan.

This service caters to all individuals/athletes who have sustained injuries while playing, gyming or simply walking or jogging and is also beneficial for post-surgery patients. Sports rehabilitation helps in the treatment of pain and catalyzes return to normal functioning. Early injury recognition or detection helps in the treatment. Along with the treatment specific strengthening and flexibility exercises in conjunction with tips provided by a trained kinesiology helps in quicker recovery. Progressive exercises are included in rehabilitation programmes to ensure that the injury site returns to a fully functional state.

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COMMON QUESTIONS

Injuries can happen occasionally. Sports injuries can be due to several factors. Some of these include:

  • An accident like a heavy blow or a fall
  • Not warming up before sports or exercise
  • Poor technique or inappropriate equipment
  • Pushing too hard
  • Contact sports like football or rugby
  • Being inactive for a long time

AC injuries, also known as acromioclavicular joint injuries, account for nearly half of all shoulder injuries reported by athletes in contact sports. Despite the name, the majority of shoulder separations are sprains in which the ligaments that hold the joint together are strained or partially ripped. An abrupt hit to the outside point of the shoulder when the arm is down and parallel to the rest of the body is a common cause of AC separation.

The AC ligament is responsible for the majority of the shoulder’s strength, whereas the coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments are in charge of the joint’s vertical stability. The severity of the separation is graded from one to six. People who have separations of grade one or two may find it painful, but they usually improve on their own. More serious injuries might result in chronic discomfort and limited joint movement.

The following are some of the signs and symptoms of a more significant AC injury:

  • A noticeable malformation above the joint, usually in the form of a large lump or swelling.
  • With the opposite hand, support the damaged arm’s elbow.
  • Shoulder pain accompanied by difficulty breathing, coughing, and sneezing.
  • Treatment usually consists of immobilizing the shoulder with a sling for comfort for a few weeks, followed by range-of-motion exercises. Surgical treatment alternatives, such as CC ligament restoration, are required in more severe situations.

Because it can move in so many directions and is looser than most other joints, the shoulder is particularly easy to dislocate. It can dislocate in any direction, although the most typical direction is forward. Labrums, tendons, and nerves can all be injured during a shoulder dislocation.

There are two types of shoulder dislocations: anterior and posterior.

The top of the humerus, or “the ball,” has only partially slipped out of the socket in partial shoulder dislocation, also known as subluxation. When the head of the humerus is completely out of the socket, it is called a complete shoulder dislocation. Shoulder dislocations, regardless of the kind, cause instability and pain in the shoulder.

The following are some more signs and symptoms of a dislocated shoulder:

  • Deformity
  • Swelling\Numbness
  • Weakness in the shoulders
  • Muscle spasms can occur as a result of a dislocated shoulder in rare situations, making the pain worse.

Using a treatment known as a closed reduction, our Sports Medicine specialist can usually put your shoulder back into position right in the office. The head of the humerus is returned to its socket in a closed reduction. Your pain will disappear as soon as the shoulder is repositioned.

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