Medica’s oncology department excels in providing world-class cancer treatment driven by their collective clinical excellence of over 30+ years. With a multidisciplinary approach to treating all types and forms of cancer, our oncologists and onco-surgeons are supported by the latest cancer treatment technologies along with a team of highly-skilled reconstructive surgeons who deliver extensive treatment to all of our patients, adults and children alike.

Risk Factors

Common Risk Factors

As cancer can take place at any part of your body, the risk factors and treatment more or less differ but at the fundamental level all cancers share certain risk factors which are as follows:

  • Family History
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Hormonal Changes
  • Aging
  • Exposure to Strong UV Radiations
Modifiable Risk Factors
  • Alcoholism
  • Consumption of Tobacco
  • Lack of Physical Activity
  • Obesity
  • Poor Nutrition

The treatment of cancer today has completely revolutionized due to the addition of new medical advancement and treatment procedures. Today, we have reached new heights treating cancer patients to complete remission.


Stage 1

In this stage of progression, the cancerous cells are confined to the area of the abnormal growth.

Stage 2

The cancerous cells are still confined within the organ but the growth has increased.

Stage 3

The cancerous cells spread to one’s local lymphatic system and drainages.

Stage 4

This is the advanced stage of cancer where the cancerous cells have spread to different parts of the individual’s body.

Oncology: Condition & Treatments

Breast Cancer

Breast cancers usually occur when cells of the breast tissue mutate and start dividing at a rapid pace. A cluster of these abnormal cells then lead to the formation of tumours. Some of these tumours then can become cancerous

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Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the fourth most common form of cancer found in Indians as per a recent study. And as far as lung cancer mortality goes, it contributes a hefty 8.9% to the deaths caused by cancer.

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Prostate Cancer

A prostate is a gland found in all males of our species. The function of a prostate gland is to produce seminal fluid. The fluid is supposed to provide nourishment and enable the transport of the human sperm.

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Ovarian Cancer

Ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. Cancerous cells developing in the ovary result in ovarian cancer. The disease progresses without any treatment. It may spread to other organs.

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Cervical Cancer new

Cervical cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the cells of the cervix, which connects the uterus to the vaginal canal. Most cervical cancer is caused by different strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection.

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Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is a form of cancer that starts in the large intestine and spreads throughout the body (colon). The colon is the last section of the digestive system. Colon cancer is more common in older people,

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Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer develops in the cells of the thyroid, a butterfly-shaped gland located just below the Adam’s apple at the base of your neck. Hormones made by your thyroid control your heart rate, blood pressure,

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Oral Cancer

Mouth cancer is one of several forms of cancer that make up the head and neck cancers category. Mouth cancer, like other head and neck cancers, is frequently treated in the same way. Mouth cancer is a type of cancer that develops

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Throat Cancer

Cancer of the throat (pharynx) or voice box is referred to as throat cancer (larynx). The muscular tube that runs from behind your nose to your neck is your throat. The flat cells that line the inside of your throat

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Liver Cancer

Cancer that starts in the cells of your liver is known as liver cancer. Our liver is a large organ that sits in the upper right part of your abdomen, beneath your diaphragm and above your stomach.

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Blood Cancer

Blood is a fluid that transports plasma and cells throughout the body. It provides necessary chemicals to cells and organs, such as carbohydrates, oxygen, and hormones, and eliminates waste from cells.

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Testicular Cancer

The testicles (testes) are placed inside the scrotum, a loose sack of skin beneath the penis, where testicular cancer develops. Male sex hormones and sperm are produced in the testicles for reproduction.

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Bone Cancer

A type of cancer that initiates with the uncontrolled growth of bone cells is Bone Cancer. Bone cancer is relatively a rare condition. Mostly bone tumours are benign. They do not have the potential

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Brain Cancer

Brain cancer is an abnormal growth that starts in the brain or is a metastatic tumor that has spread from tumor cells that started in other parts of the body. It can affect any of the skull’s tissues,

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Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer develops when the bladder’s cells grow out of control. As the number of cells grows, a tumor forms, which then spreads to other parts of the body. The origins are unknown, but family history,

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Gallbladder Cancer

The gallbladder is a pear-shaped hollow organ located beneath the liver on the right side of the belly. It’s a component of the biliary system in humans. In mature humans, it is a muscular sac with a volume of about 50 mL.

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Stomach Cancer

The stomach is a muscular pouch that lies immediately below your ribs in the upper part of your abdomen. Your stomach takes in and holds the food you eat before breaking it down and digesting it.

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Head and Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancer involves the tissues of the head and neck. These may be primary, i.e., start in the head or neck, or secondary, i.e., spread to the neck or neck from other organs. They begin from the salivary gland

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Adrenal Cancer

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Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the kidneys and spreads throughout the body. Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that are about the size of a fist apiece.

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Pancreatic Cancer

The pancreas is present beneath the stomach and assists in the digestion process. In addition, it plays a vital role in metabolic homeostasis. The pancreas secretes several enzymes that help in digestion.

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Skin Cancer

We learn about the importance of ‘skin’ from a very young age. And indeed, it does do a lot more for us than we give it credit for. The biggest organ of the body, with a surface area of around 20 square feet

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Penile Cancer

Penile cancer, also known as penile cancer, occurs when cells on or in a man’s penis grow out of control. It usually begins in skin cells and spreads throughout the body

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Our Medical Experts

Medica is home to 2500+ eminent doctors in the world, most of whom are pioneers in their respective fields.

Additionally, they are renowned for developing innovative and revolutionary clinical procedures.

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Hormonal Imbalance in Women : Impact on health

If you are experiencing unexplained fatigue or weight gain, mood swings, sleeplessness or skin problems, don’t ignore those signs. You might have hormonal imbalances, which would need medical attention.


Pregnancy and obesity

Obesity is defined as possessing an excessive amount of body fat. A measurement that is based on height and weight — known as the body mass index (BMI) — is used to determine if an individual is obese.


Why Osteoporosis is More Common in Women

Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens bones, increasing the risk of unforeseen fractures. Literally indicating ‘porous bone’, osteoporosis results in an increased loss of both bone mass and strength.



A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist. It is done through a process of removing living tissues from a patient that are then checked in the lab for the presence of any serious anomaly.

Yes, radiotherapy has well-established itself as a safe and effective form of treatment used in treating cancer. Patients are treated safely through radiotherapy every year to cure or control symptoms of cancers of the breast, head and neck, prostate, lung, etc.

A biopsy is usually performed on an area that has been anesthetized. The process may look and sound scary but it is a completely safe process.

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