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Migraine

Comprehensive Migraine Clinic at Medica

A migraine is more than just a throbbing headache. This neurological condition causes excruciating throbbing pain that can keep you in bed for days. Pain, weariness, nausea, visual problems, numbness and tingling, irritation, difficulty speaking, temporary loss of eyesight, and other symptoms may be caused by movement, light, sound, and other kinds of environmental stimuli. Progressive medication and therapies can help the individual after getting the right diagnosis from an expert. While severe, incapacitating headaches are a common symptom, other signs and symptoms may include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Speech Difficulties
  • Tingling Sensations or Numbness
  • Light and Sound Sensitivity

All neurological illnesses are diagnosed and treated at the Medica Institute of Neurological Diseases. To provide the best possible outcome and care, our renowned and expert team of Neurosurgeons and Neurologists is supported by sophisticated diagnosis and treatment technology.

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Symptoms of Migraine

The disease is commonly passed down through families and can affect people of various ages. People who are allocated female at birth are more likely to be diagnosed with migraine than people who are assigned male at birth.

Migraine symptoms can appear one to two days before the headache. This stage is referred to as the prodrome. During this time, you may experience the following symptoms:

  • Cravings for food
  • Depression
  • Yawning frequently due to exhaustion or low energy
  • Hyperactivity
  • Irritability
  • Stiffness in the neck

The aura appears following the prodrome stage in migraine with aura. You may experience problems with your eyesight, sensation, mobility, and speech when experiencing an aura. The following are some examples of these issues:

  • Difficulty speaking clearly
  • Tingling sensation, especially on the face, arms
  • Seeing light spots
  • Temporary loss of vision

The attack phase is the next phase. When the actual migraine pain occurs, this is the most acute or severe of the phases. This can overlap or happen during an aura in some folks. Symptoms of the attack phase can last anywhere from hours to days. Migraine symptoms differ from individual to person. Some signs and symptoms to look out for are:

  • Light and sound sensitivity
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness or a fainting sensation
  • Pain on one side of your head (left, right, front, or back), or in your temples
  • Throbbing and pounding head pain
  • Vomiting

Women are three times more at risk of having migraine

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Migraine Triggers

Migraines have no established cause, although they’re assumed to be caused by aberrant brain activity that disrupts nerve signals, neurotransmitters, and blood vessels in the brain. The following are some of the things that can set off your migraine episodes:

  • Sharp or very bright lights
  • Intense heat or other meteorological extremes
  • Dehydration
  • Pressure changes
  • Estrogen and progesterone fluctuations throughout menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause in those who were assigned female at birth
  • Excessive anxiety
  • Loud noises
  • Excess physical activity
  • Meal skipping
  • Alterations in sleep habits
  • Certain drugs, such as oral contraceptives or nitroglycerin, may be used.
  • Weird odors
  • Specific foods
  • Smoking
  • Consuming alcoholic beverages
  • Traveling

Causes of Migraine

Apart from keeping in mind the things that might trigger your migraine, one must also understand what are the underlying factors that may contribute to your condition.

  • Sex: Women are three times as likely than males to suffer from migraines.
  • Age: Migraine headaches affect the majority of adults between the ages of 10 and 40. However, many women find that their migraines improve or disappear around the age of 50.
  • Family History: Four out of every five migraine sufferers have a family member who also suffers from the condition. If one parent has had similar headaches before, their child has a 50% risk of getting them as well. The chance increases to 75% if both parents have them.
  • Other Medical Conditions: Anxiety, depression, bipolar disease, sleep difficulties, and epilepsy can all increase your chances.
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Diagnosis

Migraine is diagnosed by listening to your symptoms, getting a detailed medical and family history, and completing a physical check to rule out other possible causes.

Other causes can be ruled out through imaging studies like a CT scan or an MRI, such as:

  • Tumor
  • Stroke
  • Brain structure abnormalities

Treatment

When symptoms emerge, medications can be used to treat them, and people can take actions to lessen the frequency and severity of episodes. However, take in mind that these drugs may cause negative effects. All neurological illnesses are diagnosed and treated at the Medica Institute of Neurological Diseases. To provide the best possible outcome and care, our renowned and expert team of Neurosurgeons and Neurologists is supported by sophisticated diagnosis and treatment technology.

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COMMON QUESTIONS

Headaches are pains in the head, face, or upper neck that can vary in intensity and frequency. Migraines are a type of primary headache condition that causes excruciating pain. Migraines are characterized by more severe and debilitating symptoms than headaches.

While headache is a common symptom among patients with brain tumors, many people with regular headaches are concerned about the possibility of getting brain tumors. We wanted to illustrate that migraines, or headaches in general, aren’t linked to an elevated risk of brain tumors.

If you have migraines or have a family history of migraines, a neurologist (a doctor who specializes in treating headaches) will most likely diagnose migraines based on your medical history, symptoms, and a physical and neurological exam.

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