Hernia Treatment in Kolkata Medica Hospitals

Comprehensive Hernia Treatment at Medica

Medica’s Treatment for Hernia

There are two approaches to surgical hernia repair: open and minimally invasive.

The type of surgery chosen is determined by the severity and type of hernia you have, the expected recovery time, your past medical history, and the surgeon’s expertise.

Laparoscopic Hernia Treatment

Our skilled doctors choose to perform laparoscopic hernia repair because it is less invasive and has a shorter recovery time. This is an effective hernia repair treatment that is painless and performed while the patient is sedated.

Another great thing about this method of hernia treatment, the patient can go home the next day and be fully recovered in less than a week.

How is it done?

A laparoscope, a medical device with an inbuilt camera, is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen during a modern daycare surgical procedure. Once the incision is made, surgeons can use the camera to examine the internal structures. A 3D Mesh can be implanted by the surgeon to strengthen the weak muscle.

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What is Hernia?

It is a medical condition that occurs when an internal organ pushes through a weak spot in your muscle or tissue. There are several forms of hernia but most commonly they involve the abdomen, especially the groin.

Types of Hernia

As discussed before, a hernia can be of different types such as:

Inguinal Hernia: When tissue, such as part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles, an inguinal hernia occurs. An inguinal hernia is not always dangerous but the bulge can be painful, particularly when coughing, bending over, or lifting a heavy object.

Femoral Hernia: A femoral hernia occurs when tissues or parts of the intestine push through the top of the inner thigh into the groin. They are less common than inguinal hernias and primarily affect women in their forties and fifties.

Umbilical Hernia: An umbilical hernia occurs when the fatty tissue or part of the intestine pushes through the abdomen near the navel.

Hiatal Hernia: A hiatal (hiatus) hernia occurs when a portion of the stomach pushes up into the chest cavity through a diaphragmatic opening.

Other Types of Hernias Include:

  • An Incisional Hernia is one that occurs in the area of a previous surgical incision.
  • Epigastric Hernias are usually small and occur in the middle of the stomach, between the breastbone and the belly button.
  • Unlike other types of hernias, Spigelian Hernias develop beneath the layers of fat. Spigelian hernias occur in the middle of abdominal muscles. Spigelian hernias, as a result, may not be visible as a lump or bulge.
  • A Diaphragmatic Hernia occurs when the abdominal organs pass through an opening in the diaphragm into the chest.

Symptoms of Hernia

The following are some of the most common symptoms of hernia:

  • Bulging or swelling around the groin area
  • Pain in the abdomen that worsens when you lift or bend something.
  • Abdomen feels heavy
  • Pain or discomfort during bowel movements or urination
  • Pain or discomfort, particularly if you have been standing for a long time

Other strangulated hernia symptoms include fever, vomiting, nausea, and severe cramping.

If you’re a parent, you might notice a lump in your child’s groin area when he or she cries, coughs, or has a bowel movement. If this is the case, consult your paediatrician to see if any treatment is required.

There is a 90 to 99% success rate in hernia surgeries

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Causes of Hernia

A hernia develops over time as a result of a combination of abdominal wall muscle weakness and persistent pressure on this weakness. Some of the causes are as follows:

  • A birth defect
  • Muscles that deteriorate due to age or poor nutrition
  • Constipation
  • Issues urinating
  • Chronic coughing & sneezing
  • An injury to the abdomen or surgery
  • Improper heavyweight lifting
  • Obesity/overweight
  • Ascites, or fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity
  • Dialysis through the peritoneum
  • Smoking
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Diagnosis

A hernia doctor will perform a physical examination to diagnose a hernia. A hernia is easier to diagnose because a bulge in the area where the hernia is present is visible. A patient may be asked to stand, strain, or cough in order to obtain an accurate diagnosis. If the bulge isn’t visible, imaging tests like an MRI, CT scan, or abdominal ultrasound may be required.

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COMMON QUESTIONS

If your hernia causes pain or appears to be growing, your doctor may recommend surgery. The majority of hernia surgeries are performed as outpatient procedures. The doctor will make an incision and then either reposition or remove the tissue.

If a hernia is not treated, it grows larger. The same can cause excruciating pain and, in the worst-case scenario, strangulation. If this is the case, it may necessitate an ambulance and immediate emergency surgery due to the severity of the condition.

Patients experience little to no pain during laparoscopic procedures. Because you’ll be under the influence of anaesthesia, you won’t feel any pain during the procedure. However, the wound sites may be sore for a week or two after surgery.

You may have a hernia if you notice a bulge or swelling near your stomach, abdomen, or groin. You should see a doctor right away to get diagnosed.

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