1. Foot pain or ankle pain

Our feet have a complex structure that consists of 26 bones, more than 30 small joints, and many muscles, tendons, ligaments, and nerves. Any problem in the feet or ankles is usually, but not always, related to arthritis.

Due to the arch shape of the feet, the body’s weight is evenly spread over many bones and joints. Feet with lower arches tend to be more flexible than those with higher arches. The arch of a foot is not necessarily a problem but it can increase the chances of developing other problems of the feet. The structure of the foot changes as we get older or if arthritis affects the foot joints. The changes are noticeable in the arch.

Taking care of foot/ankle pain

For most people, foot problems come and go without any prescribed treatment, or can respond well to self-treatment. Certain precautions help prevent some problems.

Common foot care tips

  • Wash your feet regularly, especially the area between your toes and dry them thoroughly
  • Use a proper foot cream
  • Clip your toenails every six to eight weeks and use an emery board to smooth jagged edges
  • Don’t ignore minor cuts, blisters, or grazes. Seek professional advice if they do not heal within two to three days
  • Use proper medications if you have ulcers on your feet
  • If you have athlete’s foot, use cream or powder recommended by the doctor
  • Toenails are vulnerable to fungal infections. Use antifungal creams to expedite the healing process
  • Try foot exercises to ease pain and prevent future injuries
  • Get the right footwear

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if your problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

2. Hip pain

The hip joint is the most important joint of the human body. It allows us to walk, run, and jump. The hip joint not only bears the entire body’s weight; it is also one of the most flexible joints, allowing a great range of motion. However, despite its durability, the joint is not indestructible. Age and overuse can cause wear and tear or the joint may get damaged causing pain. Hip fracture, particularly in elderly people can occur due to the result of a fall or other injuries.

Managing hip pain

  • Activate your muscles by starting your day with regular exercises
  • Ice your inflamed joints four to five times daily for 10–15 minutes
  • Swimming and water aerobics help lower the pain
  • Avoid high impact activities as they can worsen the symptoms
  • Losing weight can help offset pressure on the joint and relieve hip pain
  • If your hip hurts during a certain exercise, stop immediately

It is always advisable to consult your Doctor if the problem persists.Book an appointment now.

3. Knee pain

A lot of factors like a sudden and overuse injury or arthritis can lead to knee pain. You are likely to experience symptoms like swelling and stiffness. Most common knee problems include sprained ligaments, meniscus tears, runner’s knee, and tendinitis. If a previous injury is left untreated, it can flare up suddenly and cause pain. Knee pain can affect people of any age and though its treatment depends mainly on the cause, minor knee pain responds well to self-care measures.

Managing knee pain

  • Too much of rest can weaken your muscles and worsen the pain. So, keep moving
  • Exercise regularly to strengthen your muscles and improve balance
  • Be careful during movement to curb the risk of fall. Remember: Weaker, painful, or unstable knees are more prone to falls and injuries
  • Keep a check on your weight to reduce stress on your knees
  • Wear the right pair of shoes

It is always advisable to consult your Doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now

4. Low back pain

Low back pain is one thing that almost everyone experiences at some point of time in their lives. In most cases, it does not require any treatment and gets better on its own. But if the pain is intense and unbearable, or refuses to go away, then, it requires treatment. A number of factors can lead to low back pain like a sudden injury or lifting something heavy. Other major causes of low back pain can be spine defects, a structural reason like a narrow spinal cord, spinal curvature, bone tumours, etc. Symptoms can range from a dull ache to a stabbing or shooting sensation. If the pain lasts for more than three months, it is considered chronic.

Managing low back pain

  • Apply ice for 24 to 48 hours after an injury and switch to heat after that to reduce the inflammation
  • Keep doing your daily activities only if the pain is not unbearable
  • Maintaining the correct posture is important
  • Try to get enough and good sleep
  • Visit physical therapists for specialized exercises to strengthen core muscles

It is always advisable to consult your Doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

5. Neck pain

There can be a number of causes for neck pain, including poor posture and sitting at the desk for too long. However, more serious causes like infections, tumours, congenital abnormalities, age, or even cancers require treatment by specialists.

Conditions which are not serious can usually be relieved within a few days with some basic exercises, physiotherapy, or posture correction. Visit your doctor immediately if the pain continues for over a week or if you experience other symptoms like fever, headaches, swollen glands, weakness, numbness, or tingling sensations.

Managing neck pain

  • Use cold to numb acute pain and reduce inflammation
  • Take over-the-counter pain relievers to control mild to moderate pain
  • Use a neck collar for short periods to rest the painful muscles and tissues and ease your discomfort
  • Use a heating pad to relieve pain or opt for a warm whirlpool bath if one is available once the acute pain calms down

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

6. Shoulder pain

Pain in the shoulder can be the result of a number of causes that can include muscle or joint strain, sprain due to the lifting of heavyweight, or any other injury. Sometimes an old injury may also result in pain at a much later stage in life, which becomes chronic pain when ignored. Shoulder pain can also be due to tendinitis, swelling of tendons that attach the muscles to the joint. You can experience symptoms like inflammation or tension in the muscles and tendons around the shoulder.

Neck pain can cause referred pain in your shoulder blade or upper arm. Remember, if you feel a tingling sensation in your hands or arm, it can be a problem in your neck which is often referred to as radiated pain.

Managing shoulder pain

  • Take adequate rest to relieve your shoulders from everyday stress
  • Stop exercising if the pain is severe
  • Try cold compress and heat therapy
  • Avoid poor postures like slouching your shoulders
  • Avoid smoking as it leads to poor blood circulation

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

7. Warm, tender, swollen Joints

Warm, tender, swollen joints can be symptoms of underlying conditions like arthritis or dislocation. Some of the most common types of arthritis include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, psoriatic arthritis, and septic arthritis. Home remedies can help prevent swollen joints. However, consult your doctor if the pain is accompanied by fever and if you cannot find a specific cause of the pain.

Managing warm, tender, and swollen joints

  • Apply an ice pack wrapped in a cloth for 10 minutes at a time to ease the pain
  • Avoid sitting on low chairs and couches
  • Maintain a good posture
  • Avoid being inactive for a prolonged period
  • Watch your weight and have a healthy diet
  • Regular light exercise is essential

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

8. Stiffness in joints

Stiff joints become a common phenomenon as we age. Although age is not the only factor responsible for stiff joints. Other factors like obesity, arthritis, lupus, and other medical conditions and lifestyle choices result in stiff joints.

Managing joint stiffness

  • Use a hot and cold compress
  • Opt for over-the-counter, anti-inflammatory medicines
  • If you are overweight, try losing excess weight
  • Be active and exercise regularly
  • Follow a healthy and balanced diet

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

9. Weight loss

Weight loss generally refers to a reduction of the total body mass due to a mean loss of body fat, fluid, adipose tissue, connective tissues, and other factors. Weight loss can happen unintentionally due to underlying diseases or from a conscious effort to recover from obesity.

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

10. Extreme tiredness

Read more

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now

11. Abdominal pain

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

12. Blood in stool

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

13. Chest pain

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

14. Constipation

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

15. Cough

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

16. Diarrhea

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

17. Difficulty swallowing

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

18. Dizziness

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

19. Eye discomfort and redness

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

20. Eye problems

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

21. Foot swelling or leg swelling

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

22. Headaches

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

23. Heart palpitations

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

24. Nasal congestion

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

25. Nausea or vomiting

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

26. Numbness or tingling in hands

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

27. Pelvic pain:Female

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

28. Pelvic pain:Male

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

29. Shortness or breath

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

30. Sore throat

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

31. Urinary problems

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

32. Wheezing

It is always advisable to consult your doctor if the problem persists.
Book an appointment now.

Find a Doctor

Search Medica Doctors List

Find

NEWS @ MEDICA