Dengue – If not treated in time, could mean trouble!

Dengue fever is a disease caused by virus which is transmitted to people through mosquito bites. This fever can vary from mild to severe and severe and patients who develop the most serious forms of dengue fever usually need to be hospitalized. The actual number of Dengue cases in our country is many times higher than what is reported.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Symptoms of the infection usually begin 4-7 days after the mosquito bite and last for 3-10 days. Sometimes, the symptoms of this are mild and can be mistaken for those of the flu or other viral infection. Mild infection may present symptoms like:

  • Sudden, high fever
  • Severe headaches
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Severe joint and muscle pain
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rashes appearing two to five days after the onset of fever
  • Mild bleeding from the nose and gums

Whereas, serious infection like that of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever may present symptoms like the mild infection at first, but may gradually worsen after a number of days. This severe infection can result in the Dengue Shock Syndrome which can even lead to death if not treated in time. Apart from the above symptoms, the Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever may show symptoms like:

  • Bleeding from mouth/gums and nose
  • Damaged lymph and blood vessels
  • Internal bleeding, resulting in black vomit and feces (stools)
  • Fall in the platelet count in the blood
  • Sensitive stomach
  • Small blood spots under your skin
  • Weak pulse

Diagnosis of Dengue Fever

The signs and symptoms of dengue fever are similar to some other diseases like typhoid fever and malaria, which can many a time lead to inaccurate diagnosis. Doctors can order blood tests to detect the virus.

Treatment and Prevention of Dengue fever

There is no specific treatment or cure for Dengue but some ways to treat milder forms of dengue fever are:

  • Prevent Dehydration – high fever and vomiting can dehydrate the body, so drink plenty of fresh water
  • Pain Killers – Pain killers can help to ease the aches and pains, but take them only after consulting a physician as some pain killers may increase the risk of internal bleeding

Treatment options for severe forms of Dengue are:

  • Intravenous fluid supplementation (IV drip)–Sometimes a dengue patient is unable to take fluids orally and requires an IV drip for fluid supplementation which may require hospitalization
  • Blood transfusion – Blood transfusion may be recommended for patients with severe dehydration
  • Hospital care – For people suffering from severe Dengue Infection it is important to be treated by doctors, so that proper monitoring is possible

Prevention of Dengue Fever

There are no vaccines to prevent this infection, but since its virus is carried by mosquitoes, one can take precaution against mosquito bites. Some common precautions to be taken are:

  • Wear long sleeved clothes
  • Use mosquito nets while sleeping
  • Cover windows and doors with net to keep mosquitoes out
  • Use mosquito repellants with higher DEET
  • Stagnant water is the breeding ground for mosquitoes, so do not allow water to collect anywhere near your home/premises

Medica has a comprehensive unit dedicated to Internal Medicine, where skilled Doctors, Nurses and technician work in sync 24X7 to deliver the best possible treatment with the help of a fully equipped ICU and Emergency department. With state of the art technology and modern equipment Medica treats patients with compassion as well as competence and is ready to handle any type of emergency.
For any kind of emergency, contact us at +913366520100 or Internal Medicine: 9874478915

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