Your Diabetologist can help you Stay Healthy

Literally, the meaning of Diabetes Mellitus is sugar in the urine. Generally characterised by high sugar levels in the blood, it is a disease that cannot be cured but can be controlled. If not successfully managed, diabetes can lead to serious medical complications including heart disease, stroke, eye and kidney problems, and problems involving the blood vessels, nerves, and feet.

Heredity and lifestyle are the major factors in the development of diabetes. Risk factors for diabetes include age over 45, overweight, a close relative with diabetes, and lack of regular exercise

There are two types of diabetes:

  • In this form of diabetes the person produces very little or no insulin. Onset is sudden, often with serious symptoms. Generally, occurs before 30 years of age — frequently during childhood.
  • This form of diabetes is much more common, accounting for over 80% of cases. In such patients, the body’s insulin production may or may not be inadequate — the main problem appears to be that the body’s cells resist insulin’s sugar-regulating effects. Onset is more gradual, usually occurs in older adults

Symptoms

Sudden weight loss, increased urination, increased thirst, increase hunger, tiredness, frequent infections, non-healing wounds and blurry vision

Management

Diabetes is usually managed by a team of healthcare professionals that may include — besides the patient’s primary doctor — a doctor specialising in diabetes (endocrinologist), one or more nurses, and a dietician.

The five major treatment tools for diabetes:

  • Education or awareness
  • Meal planning
  • Exercise
  • Medicines
  • Diabetes tests or monitoring

Complications :

A person with diabetes is more likely than other people to have :

  • A heart attack
  • A stroke
  • Eye problems leading to blindness
  • Kidney disease that may lead to dialysis or transplantation
  • A foot or leg amputated
  • Frequent infection (urinary tract infection in women)
  • Sexual problems

Hypoglycaemia

When the blood sugar falls below the normal range, the body does not work as well as it should. Most people with diabetes may experience some unpleasant symptoms when the blood sugar is less than about 70 mg/dl. This is called a low sugar reaction or hypoglycaemia. This can happen anywhere, any time of the day. Thus, a diabetic must be aware of the causes, symptoms and treatment of hypoglycaemia

Symptoms of hypoglycaemia include, a shaky feeling, sweating, tiredness, intense hunger, a feeling of confusion and light-headedness, rapid heartbeat, blurred vision or headaches, a feel numbness or tingling in mouth or lips, seizure and, in some cases, a loss of consciousness

Hypoglycaemia may be caused by an overdose of diabetes medication, skipping a meal or eating inadequately, or exercising more than normal.

A hypoglycaemic attack needs to be addressed immediately by eating something that will raise the blood sugar quickly, like – 2-3 teaspoonfuls of sugar or 1/2 cup of fruit juice or a cup of milk or 1/2 cup of any soft drink

Diabetes Clinic

Medica’s department of Diebetology has a comprehensive Diabetes Clinic with all facilities under one roof including, full biochemistry, eye check-up, foot check-up (foot sensation, foot pressure, arterial Doppler), body fat estimation, cardiac autonomic neuropathy testing, counselling by diabetes educator, counselling by dietician, and endocrinologist’s consultation

Other Special Clinics run by the department include:

  • Thyroid Clinic
  • Obesity Clinic
  • Growth Clinic

Diseases that can be treated at Medica Superspecialty Hospital’s Department of Diabetology and endocrinology include:

  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Obesity
  • Short stature
  • Osteoporosis
  • Lipid disorders
  • Adrenal gland disorders
  • Parathyroid gland disorders
  • Puberty-related hormonal disorders
  • Pituitary gland disorders
  • Hypogonadism
  • Hirsutism (unwanted male-pattern hair growth in ladies)

CLINICAL TEAM

Dr. Abhijit Chanda
Designation: HOD
Qualification: MD (Gen. Med.), DM (Endocrinology), DNB (Endocrinology)

Dr. Sumit Mukherjee
Designation: Consultant
Qualification: MRCP, FTTA (Med, Diabetes & Endocrinology)

Dr. (Prof.) Sujoy Roychowdhury
Designation: Consultant
Qualification: MBBS, DNB(Gen. Medicine), MD(Gen. Medicine), MRCP, FRCP

Dr. Kaushik Biswas
Designation: Consultant
Qualification: MBBS, MD (General Medicine), DM (Endocrinology)

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