Rains after the hot scorching summer can bring much needed relief, but they also bring along with them several diseases. Influenza or flu is one such disease which is caused by a virus that leads to respiratory illness. It is highly contagious and spreads easily through coughs and sneezes of an infected person. It can also be communicated simply through touch.
Some common symptoms of Influenza
- Aching limbs and joints
- High temperature
- Exhaustion, fatigue
- Shivers, cold sweat
- Gastrointestinal symptoms, which include nausea, diarrhoea and vomiting (more common in children than adults)
How serious is Influenza?
In most cases Influenza is not something to really worry about, apart from the uneasiness and weakness that it leaves behind. However, sometimes, it may lead to complications, particulalrly in young children, elderly people and individuals with a longstanding illness that can compromise their immune system.
People likely to suffer from severe complication
- People above the age of 65
- Young children and babies
- People with cardiovascular and heart disease
- People with chest problems like bronchitis and asthma
- People with chronic kidney disease
- People suffering from diabetes
- People on steroids
- People undergoing cancer treatment
Treatment for Influenza
Some of the common symptoms like a headache and body pain that come with the Flu can be treated with the help of painkillers on Doctor’s advice. The following precautions are recommended:
- Take rest at home
- Avoid direct contact with people till you are cured
- Wash your hands regularly
- Consume plenty of liquids
- Abstain from drinking alcohol
- Stop smoking
- Do not share items with an infected person
How to prevent Influenza
Influenza is usually highly contagious but can be prevented if proper care is taken. Avoid self-medication with antibiotics. If symptoms of it are severe or long lasting, then it is best to visit your doctor. Flu vaccines can often prove useful and one needs to take a booster every year to keep oneself from contracting it.
Medica has a comprehensive unit dedicated to Internal Medicine, where skilled Doctors, Nurses and technician work in sync 24X7 to deliver the best possible treatment with the help of a fully equipped ICU and Emergency department. With state of the art technology and modern equipment Medica treats patients with compassion as well as competence and is ready to handle any type of emergency.