India is one of the three countries that accounts for 97% of the malaria cases in South East Asia. Malaria is a mosquito-borne parasitic infection which is spread by the Anopheles mosquitoes. It is usually found in the tropical and subtropical climates where the parasites that cause it thrive. Once a mosquito bites you, the parasite causing this disease is released into your blood stream which then travels to the liver, where they mature.
What are the symptoms of Malaria?
The symptoms of malaria take 10 days to 4 weeks to develop following the infection. In some people malarial parasites on entering the body remain dormant for long periods of time and they may not develop symptoms for several months. Some common symptoms of malaria are:
- Moderate to severe chills
- High fever
- Profuse sweating
- Muscle pain
- Bloody stool
Complications of Malaria
Malaria can lead to several life-threatening complications such as:
- Swelling of the blood vessels of the brain, or cerebral malaria
- Accumulation of fluid in the lungs that causes breathing problems, or pulmonary edema
- Failure of the kidneys, liver, or spleen
- Anemia due to the destruction of red blood cells
- Low blood sugar
Ways to prevent Malaria
There are no vaccines to prevent Malaria but if you are living in a Malaria prone area, then there are some precautions which can be taken and doctors may prescribe some medicines. Some ways to prevent Malaria are:
- Do not go outside when it is dark outside to avoid mosquito bites
- Wear long sleeved clothes
- Use insect repellent with DEET for better result
- Use mosquito nets while sleeping
- Avoid malaria prone areas, especially if you are pregnant, very young or very old
At Medica Superspecialty Hospital, we deal with all complex diseases related to internal medicine daily in the OPD and have one of the most advanced ICU/CCU in Eastern India to handle any kind of medical emergency. Medica offers a comprehensive treatment for any disease and has a fully equipped Emergency Department and 24X7 consultant coverage, to provide the best patient care.
For any kind of emergency, contact us at +913366520100 or Internal Medicine: 9874478915