India records 2,40,000 new breast cancer patients every year, 70 % of them are women with no identifiable risk factors Data & research has shown that women in the age group of 31-50 are the most at risk, with those between 51 and 60 following close behind. But unlike popular misconception, much younger women (21-30) have also been diagnosed with Breast Cancer. Breast Cancer is one of the most highly treatable forms of cancer. Early detection & correct treatment can ensure a healthy & long life for the patient of Breast Cancer.
Treatment of Breast Cancer is a specialized area and requires a multidisciplinary approach involving proper diagnosis, treatment and counselling.
85% of Breast Tumours are not malignant. There are a number of problems related to the breast that can be grouped under the term ‘Breast Diseases’ and need to be treated by Specialists. Problems can be as follows:
For the first time in Eastern India, Medica offers a comprehensive unit dedicated to Breast Diseases, where skilled Radiologists (specialising in Oncology), Pathologists, Breast Surgeon and Medical Oncologist work in sync with the Plastic Surgeon, Physiotherapist and Psychologist to deliver the best possible results.
Accurate diagnosis is the key to the correct treatment of breast cancer. Early detection can help in preserving the breast. This can be only achieved in an advanced, well equipped set-up with specialised doctors and technicians
Diagnosis involves evaluation (work -up) of the patient:
History: Signs and Symptoms, Family History, etc
Biopsy: Two types of needle biopsies are used for Breast Cancer diagnosis –
Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB) and Cytology (called FNAC)
Core Needle Biopsy
The best way to treat it is to work with a specialized doctor to guide the Breast Cancer treatment decisions. Treatments can be classified into broad groups, based on how they work and when they are used
Benign Diseases Can be Medical or Surgical
Stage A: Early Breast Cancer
Stage B: Locally Advanced Breast Cancer
Stage C: Metastatic Breast Carcinoma
(Recommended for all women over the age of 20)
Step 1 In the shower
Check both breasts each month (one week after period) feeling for any lump, thickening, or hardened knot
Step 2 In front of a mirror
Look for any changes in the contour, any swelling/dimpling of the skin or changes in the nipples. Next, rest your palms on your hips and press firmly to flex your chest muscles. Left and right breasts will not exactly match— few women’s breasts do, so look for any dimpling, puckering, or changes, particularly on one side
Step 3 Lying Down
Place a pillow under your right shoulder and your right arm behind your head. Using your left hand squeeze the nipple; check for discharge and lumps. Repeat this step for your left breast